Class 6: Review

Date

Tuesday April 2, 2019


Group Think

To accept unconditionally the perspective of any group an individual is in.

“I only believe what my group believes”

Metaphysics

the study of reality.

Epistemology

what can we know, how can we know.

Ethics

study of the nature, good and bad, right and wrong.

Theoretical Thinking

There’s only one correct answer, a theory.

Anarchical Thinking

there can be multiple correct answers.

Ahimsa

Ancient Hinduism belief of non-violence, from Gandhi.

Altruism

the position one should sacrifice oneself for others, the opposite of egoism.

Socratic Wisdom

know which that you don’t know.

Socratic Method

Dialog, questioning. The asker also takes the burden of answering the question.

Parmenides

Nothing can come from nothingness,

Heraclitus

Change is constant and the only thing that doesn’t change is change itself.

Essentialism

With definitive traits (unique, innate, fixed, universal, immaterial)

Preconscious

things we can access but not thinking of at the moment.

Appetite

physical desires

Spirit

a sense of duty

Reason

to decide what is correct all the time.

Myth of the Charioteer

a light horse (trained->spirit) and a dark horse (strong->appetite) and a charioteer (reason).

Sartre

Make your own choices. We become who we are through our choices. Although we live in a society and we are affected by other people’s choices, we can choose our attitudes toward those events.

Angst

German for “anxiety”, a feeling of uncertainty and dread because of having to make choices.

Feminism

There are multiple traits, not just reason, that define us.

Behaviors focus on behaviors and functionalism focus on the mechanism.

Our brain gives output based on a given input with a process named conditioning, aka learning.

Buddhism

There is no innate self. Nothingness: it is that which is unlimited.

Material

Formal

Efficient

Final

The purpose of the product.

Confucius

We come into this world like an oak tree. We are environmentally dependent. Good people can come from any family. Values education.