Intervention

  • Pursuit of wealth

  • American empire was economical, cultural and intellectual rather than territorial

  • Things for new London life in 1901 were manufactured in America

  • Liberal internationalism: economic and political progress go hand in hand.

  • The US initially confined the intervention to Western Hemisphere because of the Monroe Doctrine.

  • TR won Nobel Peace Prize for his intervention in Russo-Japanese war

  • TR started an revolt in Panama and used a gunboat to help

  • The independent Panama granted US the right to construct and operate a canal and sovereignty over the Panama Canal Zone

  • The construction of Canal involved 60,000 workers

  • The control and operation of the canal was turned over in 2000

  • Roosevelt Corollary: America has the right to be an international police power

  • Dollar Diplomacy: the best way to spread American influences was through economic investments and loans

  • Moral Imperialism: Wilson’s belief that the America had the responsibility to teach other countries democracy
    • Resulted in most of US intervention in the Latin America in the history

  • Commander Victoriano Huerta assassinated the ruler of Mexico, Porfirio Diaz, and seized power under the US support without Wilson’s knowledge in 1911

  • Wilson wanted to teach the Mexicans to elect good men

  • The assassination of heir to the throne of Austro-Hungarian empire lead to WWI

  • 600,000 soldiers of France and Germany died in the battle at Verdun

  • An estimate of 10m soldiers and a few million civilians died in WWI

  • In 1914, Wilson declared the neutrality of the US

  • Bryan resigned as secretary of state because of Wilson’s strong protest letter to the destruction of Lusitania

  • Wilson won the reelection of 1916 by 23 elector votes against Charles Evans Hughes, having votes from twelve states that adopted women suffrage

  • British Spies intercepted the Zimmermann Telegram that asked Mexico to join the war against the US

  • Lenin overthrown the Russian government and withdrew the Russian force from WWI in November 1917

  • Wilson published the Fourteen Points, which states the principle of free trade, freedom of the seas, self-determination, open diplomacy, readjustment of colonial claims, and the creation of a “general association of the nations”.

  • Americans fought in Meuse-Argonne under John J. Pershing and won the war.