1895-1920

  • When
    • Progressive reforms

    • Second industrial revolution

    • Disenfranchisement

    • The severe depression

    • Women (white middle class) began to be more educated

  • Who
    • Most of the progressives were educated white middle class people

    • Big enterprises and social Darwinism opposed progressivism

  • Why
    • To prevent workers from becoming radical socialists

  • How
    • Believed the gov can bring the change. Wanted a big, active, powerful gov to intervene

    • Journalism

  • Jacob Riis published How The Other Half Lives

  • Goals
    • Political reforms
      • More direct democracy (ex. women suffrage, 17th amendment)
        • Initiative
          • Initiated by the people

        • Referendum (ex. legalizing marriwana, banning plastic bags)
          • Originates from the legislatures and submitted to the people to vote on

        • Recall
          • Elect a new person to substitute a local governor’s term of service

      • Primaries

      • Secret ballots

      • More efficiency and professionalism in the local government

    • Labor
      • Fewer working hours

      • Prevent child labor

      • Better working conditions (factory inspection laws)

      • Minimum wages

      • Maternalist protective legislation

      • Workers’ compensations

      • Old age pensions

    • Morality
      • Birth control (Margaret Sanger)

      • Anti-prostitute laws

      • Prohibition
        • Prevent domestic violence

        • Promote efficiency

        • Anti-immigration

The Progressive Presidents

  • Teddy Roosevelt took office after McKinley’s assassination